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Free Kindle eBooks | Middle East |

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Rating: 5.00 / 5
5 reviews

Language between God and the Poets: Ma‘na in the Eleventh Century (Berkeley Series in Postclassical Islamic Scholarship Book 2)

by Alexander Key

A free ebook version of this title is available through Luminos, University of California Press’s Open Access publishing program. Visit www.luminosoa.org to learn more. In the Arabic eleventh-century, scholars were intensely preoccupied with the way that language generated truth and beauty. Their work in poetics, logic, theology, and lexicography defined the intellectual space between God and the poets. In Language Between God and the Poets, Alexander Key argues that ar-Raghib al-Isfahani, Ibn Furak, Ibn Sina (Avicenna), and Abd al-Qahir al-Jurjani shared a conceptual vocabulary based on the words ma‘na and haqiqah. They used this vocabulary to build theories of language, mind, and reality that answered perennial questions: how to structure language and reference, how to describe God, how to construct logical arguments, and how to explain poetic affect.

Genre: History, Middle East, Literature & Fiction, History & Criticism, Nonfiction, Politics & Social Sciences, Philosophy, Education & Reference, Words, Language & Grammar, Religion & Spirituality, Islam, Other Eastern Religions, Antiquarian & Rare Books, Criticism & Theory, History of Books
Size: 322 pages
Free download for Kindle from 24 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

Rating: 4.70 / 5
5 reviews

I Am Cyrus: Harry S. Truman and the Rebirth of Israel

by Craig von Buseck

Improbable, if not impossible. How could a people who’d been scattered for two millennia reestablish a homeland on their ancient soil?Against all odds, an irresistible desire to return grew in courageous Jewish men and women who set out to rebuild their decimated homeland.Help came first through Great Britain’s pledge to restore Palestine to the Jews. Britain, however, nearly reneged on that promise just as the Jews faced the Nazi Holocaust.Near the end of WWII, an unlikely man rose to the presidency of the United States. Harry S. Truman, a farmer and failed business owner, would decide not only the fate of Jewish survivors but also the future of their homeland.As a vote approached in the fledgling United Nations, pressure mounted. Truman slammed the White House doors shut to all who wanted to discuss Jewish statehood. Could anyone persuade the most powerful man in the world to reconsider?I Am Cyrus tells the epic story of Israel’s rebirth—promises made, promises broken, and ultimately the fulfillment of the ancient prophecy that this people would indeed return to their Promised Land.Check out the book trailers for I Am Cyrus:youtu.be/J0BOeDbxpicyoutu.be/ESezckRGmQk

Genre: History, Historical Study, Middle East
Size: Unknown
Free download for Kindle from 24 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

The Lost City of Ubar: The History and Legends of the Ancient Arabian City Known as the Atlantis of the Sands

by Charles River Editors

*Includes pictures*Includes excerpts of medieval accounts*Includes a bibliography for further reading*Includes a table of contentsThe story of Atlantis has captured the minds and hearts of historians, scientists, artists, and writers for millennia, and yet, it never ceases to amaze people when told that the only literary evidence that exists comes from a single 4th century BCEE author. The Athenian philosopher Plato, famous for his dialogues in which the Socratic Method was invented, was the first writer to mention the mysterious continent of Atlantis. In his works Timaeus and Critias, Plato outlines the beginning of the story of Atlantis, but the Critias, where the longer and more detailed account takes place, was never finished and, therefore, has become the mysterious germ for millennia of thought.The annals of world history are filled with intriguing, although often outlandish stories of lost cities and kingdoms, and in addition to Atlantis, there are also Hyperborea, Shambhala, and Aztlan, to name just a few. Besides being cities and kingdoms that have been lost, often through some sort of catastrophe, all of these places are mentioned in religious texts or as part of a peoples’ national history. They play a major role in the identity of certain groups, at least in how certain groups identify with these mythical places. Although many, if not all, of these locations are mythical, they may have been based on actual locations, even if modern scholars are yet to definitively discover any such places. One of these lost cities is that known as Ubar, Wabar or Iram, names which are all believed to refer to the same, possibly mythical, location. The city is mentioned as a den of iniquity that was destroyed by God, both in the Quran as well as the mythical Arabian Nights. As such, Ubar became a metaphor for how good Muslims should not act, and what could happen to non-believers, especially when allowed to congregate in a specific area. Later Islamic historians and geographers describe Ubar as being somewhere in the Arabian Desert, in what is today the nation-state of Oman. In modern times there were a few attempts to locate the lost city, but, for the most part, they were futile.Ubar and its location continued to fascinate people around the world, and it seemed as though its secrets would remain hidden beneath the Arabian sands until the 1980s, when a photojournalist named Nicholas Clapp became interested in the city. Clapp eventually turned his interest into a full-time endeavor to find Ubar and put together a team of adventurers and archaeologists, receiving funding from a number of different sources. Working backwards from the few scant historical and geographical accounts that portray Ubar as a prosperous city or kingdom in the centuries before Islam, Clapp and his team narrowed their search to a location on the edge of the Arabian Desert in the Dhofar region of Oman. It is there that they believed they found Ubar, which appeared to be a productive, wealthy, and growing city from the early 1st millennium BCEE until as late as the 6th century BCEE. Clapp received great fame for his discovery and recorded his journey in a book, even as some historians remained convinced that he had not actually discovered Ubar. In fact, some continue to believe that Ubar was a purely mythical place, even as others are convinced that it was a large, historical kingdom that remains lost.The Lost City of Ubar: The History and Legends of the Ancient Arabian City Known as the Atlantis of the Sands chronicles the origins of the city, the stories about it, the way the stories spread as they became more popular, and their impact on history. Along with pictures depicting important people, places, and events, you will learn about the Atlantis of the Sands like never before.

Genre: History, Middle East
Size: Unknown
Free download for Kindle from 23 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

The Battle of Vienna (1683): The History and Legacy of the Decisive Conflict between the Ottoman Turkish Empire and Holy Roman Empire

by Charles River Editors

*Includes pictures*Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading*Includes a table of contents“Ours are treasures unheard of . . . tents, sheep, cattle and no small number of camels . . . it is victory as nobody ever knew before, the enemy now completely ruined, everything lost for them. They must run for their sheer lives . . . General Starhemberg hugged and kissed me and called me his saviour.” – Polish King John III Sobieski There are certain events that are famous not so much in themselves, noteworthy as they might be, but on account of their role in the context of history. Seismic shifts pivot upon the outcome of such events, and many of them come from battles, for it is an unfortunate but irrefutable fact of history that humanity is shaped by the force of arms. Salamis, Hastings, Agincourt, Waterloo, Sedan, and Stalingrad all fit into this category, and the 1683 Battle of Vienna or Kahlenberg (named after a hill near the city) can also, with eminent justification, be placed in the list of era-changing conflicts. For nearly 1,000 years, there had been a clash for the souls, hearts, and bodies of societies across Europe, Africa, and Asia.The conflict between Christianity and Islam has been one of the defining factors in Europe and the Middle East, and while this dichotomy might be an excessively simple and incomplete explanation, there is no doubt that it has generated the world today. From Arabia, Islam surged forth onto the world stage in the 7th century as a religion carried by the force of arms. By the middle of the 8th century, the Islamic Caliphate had conquered the Levant, parts of North Africa, and even parts of Spain, all regions which had converted to Christianity in the previous three centuries. An Islamic invasion of France was turned away at the Battle of Poitiers in 732, and a Western counter-offensive known as the Reconquista lasted about 700 more years. Away from Europe, Christian and Muslim forces fought the Crusades around the Holy Land. Toward the end of the 17th century, the preeminent Islamic power in the world was the Ottoman Empire. From lowly beginnings as a vassal of the Anatolian Sultanate of Rum Osman I, from whom the empire was named, it expanded into the lands of the Christian Byzantine Empire, and by 1683, the year of the Battle of Vienna, the Ottomans ruled Asia Minor, the Middle East (with the exception of Iran), northern Africa to the borders of Morocco, the Balkan Peninsula up to the lands of modern Poland, as well as portions of Poland, Ukraine, Crimea, and Georgia. The sultan was styled “His Imperial Majesty the Padishah (Emperor), Commander of the Faithful and Successor to the Prophet of the Lord of the Universe.” He was considered by his subjects to be the Caliph, the supreme leader of the faithful throughout the world. The duty of holy jihad was vested by the umma in his hands, and the sultans had successfully overpowered the forces of the Christian princes time and time again.The long conflict between the Habsburgs and the Ottomans would finally come to a head in 1683 outside the city of Vienna, the center of Habsburg power in central Europe. It would be no exaggeration to say that Vienna was one of the most important battles not only in the conflict between Islam and Christendom, but in the entire history of the world. If the Habsburgs had lost that battle, it is highly likely that Islamic civilization rather than Christian would dominate much of Europe.The Battle of Vienna (1683): The History and Legacy of the Decisive Conflict between the Ottoman Turkish Empire and Holy Roman Empire chronicles the dramatic siege, and how the Christian forces turned back the Ottomans. Along with pictures of important people, places, and events, you will learn about the battle like never before.

Genre: History, Europe, Middle East
Size: 79 pages
Free download for Kindle from 23 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

100 THINGS YOU WANT TO KNOW ABOUT ISRAEL (TRIVIA COLLECTIONS Book 1)

by SHING SCHIH

Knowledge is infinite. Life is a continuous process of learning. The series of Trivia Collections gather knowledge from different subjects. If you are eager for knowing more about the world, this Trivia Collections could best suit your interest. Including 100 Q & A with informative explanation, you can learn about the common knowledge as well as something you seldom think about. This trivia, with the subject matter as Israel, will help you gain a deeper insight into every aspects of Israel, including but not limited to its culture, history, geography, etc.Israel - When people hear about the Middle East, thoughts related to religious traditions come to mind, antiquities, great events that marked an era as well as conflicts that continue to this day. Israel is a Middle Eastern country that has stood out for the rapid growth it has had in recent years. According to the Bible, Israel is the Promised Land that the Lord promised to Abraham, the patriarch of Judaism, and that his descendants will inherit it in conjunction with all the blessings. Israel is a country located on the Asian continent, and its capital is Jerusalem. Only the Western part is considered the property of Israel since the Eastern part is under the control of the State of Palestine. Israel and Palestine have been at war for many years. One of the most recent conflicts was when the president of the United States, Donald Trump, recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and decided to move the American embassy to this city, but despite these conflicts, Israel has much more to offer.Tel Aviv is the most modern city in Israel; the financial and economic center of the country is there. It is one of the most visited cities in the country. This city has beaches, shopping centers, educational institutions, and restaurants. In Israel, there are other cities that are important such as Haifa, Eilat, Beersheba, and Nazareth. In the Hebrew Bible, many historical events that happened in these different cities are related, and one of these reasons is that Israel’s religious tourism is very attractive to visitors.Let's begin your journey to Israel!

Genre: History, Middle East
Size: 97 pages
Free download for Kindle from 22 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

Rating: 4.50 / 5
5 reviews

Israel: People, Places, and Events that Shaped the History of Israel

by Noa Landau

History of IsraelIsrael is a unique country, and its history is a mere testament to that. This book’s aim is to track the history of Israel back to ancient times, the patriarchs, the exodus, the most influential Kings, as well as other critical events that inevitably marked its development. This is the story of a nation that fought hard to establish a country. It is the story of a nation that went through a rebirth process after living in diaspora for centuries. We are confident that you will find this book appealing if you want to expand your understanding of Israel and its history!Buy This Book Now!

Genre: History, Historical Study, Middle East, World
Size: 39 pages
Free download for Kindle from 22 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

Judea And Samaria: It’s Time To Annex

by Dov Ivry

The book begins this way.

This is my 51st book, all but six non-fiction. I started churning them out less than four years ago when I realized that thanks to Internet you can self-publish. I’m in my 70s and I was looking for something to do. Normally I don’t start writing until I do the research and understand the subject. I plunged forward here and about 35 pages in I discovered there is a hidden dimension that I was only vaguely aware of and did not give much weight. The result is that this book has an unusual structure. I’ve left the first part as I wrote it because it stands as it is and it is what any reasonable person might say. Then I’m going off the deep end into the hidden dimension and things will appear quite differently.

I haven’t the slightest interest in astrology and don’t believe a word of it. But I did happen to read a description about the character of the Gemini by an Israeli astrologer in the 90s and I said, hey, she is explaining me to me. I’ll let her speak for herself but it casts light on how someone can go in two directions at the same time. He has to be a Gemini.

Ruth Eli: “The average Gemini personality may be likened to a central telephone switchboard, connected by thousands of lines to a multitude of people and homes, with many diverse bits of information passing through and at a frantic pace. ... His curiosity knows no limits, and his ability to absorb is astonishing. Formal studies bore him. He catches his information from the air, from neighbors, in the supermarket, on the street. Everything that goes in, comes out, in typical Gemini fashion: in a stream of consciousness, lightly, humorously, in great detail, and with a lot of spice. The typical Gemini does not delve deeply into things. He skates on the surface. Gets the gist of the matter, reworks it, and lets his creative brain fill in the rest. There is no one like a Gemini to talk about something he knows nothing about, as if he had a Ph.D on the subject. Like his namesake, he’s split into two.”

Judea and Samaria are the ancient names for the two territories that sit alongside Israel whose final status has yet to been resolved.

Israel has been trying for 23 years to negotiate an agreement with Arabs who live there but this process has gone nowhere.

Everything comes to an end. So what are the other options? Annexation is the obvious one.

Einstein may or may not have said it, but insanity has come to be defined in his name as doing the same thing over and over again and getting the same results, that is, coming up empty. When someone wants a peace agreement as in the cases of Egypt and Jordan, it can materialize rather rapidly. With the Palestinian Arabs it’s like talking to the wall. And the chances of getting an agreement with them are the same as from the wall. They take the attitude: it’s their way or the highway. They can have the highway. Drive safely.

I’m not selling annexation. I’m telling the truth as I see it. Once a subject becomes polarized, the natural tendency is for people to drift to one or the other poles and start shouting. At best you end up preaching to the converted. At worst you are tuned out at the mention of the subject. Telling the truth has its drawbacks too. If you do it faithfully, you end up offending everyone. I wouldn’t have it any other way.

Genre: History, Middle East, Nonfiction
Size: 75 pages
Free download for Kindle from 22 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

Rating: 4.70 / 5
5 reviews

The Richest Man in Babylon

by George S. Clason

Beloved by millions, this timeless classic holds the key to all you desire and everything you wish to accomplish. This is the book that reveals the secret to personal wealth. Countless readers have been helped by the famous “Babylonian parables,” hailed as the greatest of all inspirational works on the subject of thrift, financial planning, and personal wealth. In language as simple as that found in the Bible, these fascinating and informative stories set you on a sure path to prosperity and its accompanying joys. Acclaimed as a modern-day classic, this celebrated bestseller offers an understanding of — and a solution to — your personal financial problems that will guide you through a lifetime. This is the book that holds the secrets to keeping your money — and making more. The Richest Man in Babylon: Read it and recommend it to loved ones—and get on the road to riches.George S. Clason was born in Louisiana, Missouri, on November 7, 1874. He attended the University of Nebraska and served in the United States Army during the Spanish- American War. Beginning a long career in publishing, he founded the Clason Map Company of Denver, Colorado, and published the first road atlas of the United States and Canada. In 1926, he issued the first of a famous series of pamphlets on thrift and financial success, using parables set in ancient Babylon to make each of his points. These were distributed in large quantities by banks and insurance companies and became familiar to millions, the most famous being "The Richest Man in Babylon," the parable from which the present volume takes its title.

Genre: Business & Investing, Economics, Finance, History, Middle East, Nonfiction, Professional & Technical, Accounting & Finance
Size: 72 pages
Free download for Kindle from 21 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

Rating: 4.30 / 5
4 reviews

by

Israel Defense Force Brigadier General Gal Hirsch has taken part in all of Israel’s military confrontations since 1982, leaving a unique signature on a wide scope of strategic thinking owing to his deep understanding of operational art and military planning. In 2009, Hirsch’s autobiographical book in Hebrew, War Story, Love Story, was published and instantly appeared on the Israeli bestseller list where it stayed for many months. The description of his own personal journey offers deep, open-minded, and critical insights into the most significant milestones in Israel’s defense in the past 30 years, in which he played a key role.This new, revised, and reconceived English edition of the book offers international readers a comprehensive, one-of-a-kind, contextual description of Israeli national defense developments, serving as a valuable tool for understanding contemporary security challenges in the Middle East.The book has been praised as a lesson in leadership, bravery, and endurance. It is a remarkable testimony to the bond between the Jewish people and its Bible and land.

Genre: Biographies & Memoirs, Historical, Professionals & Academics, Specific Groups, History, Middle East, Military, Nonfiction
Size: 450 pages
Free download for Kindle from 21 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

Rating: 4.80 / 5
5 reviews

Sarmatians and Scythians: A Captivating Guide to the Barbarians of Iranian Origins and How These Ancient Tribes Fought Against the Roman Empire, Goths, Huns, and Persians

by Captivating History

If you want to discover the captivating history of the Sarmatians and Scythians, then keep reading...Free History BONUS Inside!Masters of the horse, the Scythians and Sarmatians opened the Eurasian Steppe to nomadic civilizations like it had never seen before. For the first time, a group of tribes sharing a common culture called the Steppe their home, adapting themselves to its harshness. Born out of this environment, a very particular way to live was adopted and later spread to peoples of Central Asia—the pastoral nomadic lifestyle. It would be the bane of organized armies of great empires, as the excellent mobility granted by their superior horse-riding skills were no match compared to the slow, organized infantry.The tale of the Scythians and Sarmatians have lasted through history, and although they had not one written historical record of their own, their presence was registered by dozens of classical historians. More importantly, though, their precious burial tombs still retained some of the civilizational remains of this extraordinary group of peoples.In Sarmatians and Scythians: A Captivating Guide to the Barbarians of Iranian Origins and How These Ancient Tribes Fought Against the Roman Empire, Goths, Huns, and Persians, you will discover topics such asOrigins of the Scythians and SarmatiansArt, Culture, and ReligionEconomy and SocietyWarfare and ConquestEnd of the Scythians and SarmatiansAnd much, much more!So if you want to learn more about Sarmatians and Scythians, scroll up and click the "add to cart" button!

Genre: History, Historical Study, Middle East
Size: 57 pages
Free download for Kindle from 20 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

Rating: 5.00 / 5
5 reviews

Iran: Make Love not War: Sex, Drugs and Rock'n'Roll on the Silk Road

by Mary Jane Walker

“THE first thing I saw at the border was a man’s butt as he stuffed smuggled cigarettes down his trousers. I met prostitutes whose profession was sanctioned as temporary marriage by clerics. I was offered alcohol and all the drugs under the sun in the north, and saw illegal pubs with people drinking. And I saw the most fabulous crown jewels and palaces anywhere.“All this I experienced travelling overland and learning tips to pass on to you. I saw Tehran, the Shah’s Golestan Palace, Persepolis, Isfahan, Shiraz, and Yazd. Many women took their hijabs off whenever they could, and people played music under the bridges of Isfahan. I discovered the ancient religion of Zoroastrianism and visited its funeral towers where the dead were laid out to be eaten by vultures. These were near the Star Wars-like desert city of Yazd, where wind towers drew cool air through underground caverns to air-condition the houses of hundreds of years ago.“I went mountaineering and saw old mosques and palaces and cafes lined with smashed mirrors and others with stained glass.”

Genre: History, Middle East, Travel, Specialty Travel
Size: 287 pages
Free download for Kindle from 20 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

Rating: 3.40 / 5
3 reviews

Flight From Syria: Refugee Stories

by Hugh Eakin

Flight from Syria: Refugee Stories features the writing and photography of nine Pulitzer Center grantees– journalists who reported on Syrian refugees between 2012 and 2015. Their travels took them from Syria to Sweden, and from crowded camps to cramped apartments in city suburbs. Each of the journalists– Hugh Eakin, Lauren Gelfond Feldinger, Stephen Franklin, Joanna Kakissis, Alia Malek, Holly Pickett, Alisa Roth, Alice Su, and Selin Thomas– lends a unique perspective. Originally published in Al Jazeera, BBC News, Guernica, In These Times, Marketplace, NPR, The Atlantic and The New York Review of Books, these stories tell of an abandoned homeland, an indifferent world, and an uncertain future. They trace the history of one of the biggest displacements of modern times– providing a testament to the suffering and courage of those who fled.
Edited by Kem Knapp Sawyer
Designed by Evey Wilson

Genre: History, Middle East, Nonfiction, Politics & Social Sciences, Politics & Government
Size: 186 pages
Free download for Kindle from 20 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

The Mamluks: The History and Legacy of the Medieval Slave Soldiers Who Established a Dynasty in Egypt

by Charles River Editors

*Includes pictures*Includes a bibliography for further reading*Includes a table of contentsEgypt in the 14th century was a glorious kingdom to behold. Spice merchants from Europe, Asia and Africa sailed up the Nile River to the great port city of Alexandria, carrying riches such as silk, jewels and spices. Cairo, the capital of Egypt, was the greatest city in the Islamic world, with a larger population and more wealth and splendor than any city in Europe. Cairo was a shining pinnacle of cosmopolitan splendor in the medieval world, and besides being a major trading hub, Cairo was famous for its scholars and intellectual class, offering countless academic opportunities for scholars across the Islamic world. The culture of Cairo was dynamic and famous for its wide range of intellectual debates on Islamic sciences and other academic fields, all of which far surpassed any contemporary city at the time. From across the Islamic world, scholars from all the major schools of thought were represented in Cairo. Spirited lectures occurred frequently in public squares and madrasas were often packed with patrons eagerly listening to readings by famed scholars. Cairo was a city filled with art, trade and knowledge. However, there was another factor that made Cairo infamous. The city represented the last bastion of the Muslim world - a great Islamic caliphate, centered in Iraq, had once stretched from the edges of Central Asia to Spain, but invasions by outside enemies had mostly overrun this once mighty empire. The Mongol armies, pouring forth from their grasslands in Asia, had sacked Baghdad in 1258, destroying the caliphate and sending the Islamic world into a state of deep peril. Moreover, European crusaders had launched multiple invasions into Palestine and the Levant, threatening the very existence of the Muslim world. Ultimately these foreign invaders were all stopped by one group: the Mamluks of Egypt, a group of warriors, slaves, and kings. Hailing from the Eurasian steppes, the Mamluks were not Arab, but ethnically Turkish, enslaved at a young age, and sold into military service in Egypt, where they underwent intense military training in Cairo. Thus, these Turkish warriors were utterly alien from the Arab populations they eventually ruled over in ethnicity, language and culture, but they were remarkably skilled in the mounted warfare styles of the nomadic tribes of the Eurasian grasslands and other aspects of medieval warfare. As a result, the Mamluks were some of the finest professional soldiers of their time, which they proved on multiple occasions through their brilliant military campaigns against the numerous enemies of Islamic Egypt. Critically, the Mamluks were one of the only groups to defeat the seemingly unstoppable Mongol hordes in open battle, potentially saving the Islamic world from annihilation. It could be argued that without the Mamluks, the Islamic world would have been completely destroyed, changing the course of history. As the Mamluks took power in Egypt, they rapidly became the center of the Islamic world. Egypt’s political system made it unique when compared to other parts of the Muslim world, and though the daily management of the kingdom required interactions between the foreign Mamluks and their Egyptian subjects, a vast degree of separation remained the law of the land. The Mamluks held a tight grip on political and military power (ordinary Egyptians were even forbidden to ride horses), and this system of recruitment from abroad and social isolation created an elite army loyal to the state and succeeded in barring the ruled people, even the sons of the Mamluks, from entering the ruling classes. Nothing symbolized this system better than the Citadel, a complex of mosques, offices, living quarters, stables, and palace that stood on a rocky prominence 250 feet above the city of Cairo. It was from the Citadel that the Mamluk sultan presided over his royal court and regiments.

Genre: History, Middle East, Nonfiction
Size: 64 pages
Free download for Kindle from 20 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

Zionism: And the Question of Jewish Identity

by Bejarano Gutierrez, Juan Marcos

Zionism, in its simplest form, was the movement for the establishment of a Jewish state in the historic land of Israel. Today it remains the movement dedicated to the ongoing existence of a Jewish state. But Zionism was a challenge to many traditional perspectives on Jewish identity. Many events including the breakdown of rabbinic authority, the rise of Shabbati Zevi, the rise of Hasidim, and the Jewish Enlightenment contributed to the Zionist movement. Today, Israeli society has transformed Zionism. This short book surveys these critical phases of Jewish history and the part they played in the evolution of Jewish identity and self-definition.

Genre: History, Historical Study, Middle East, World
Size: 45 pages
Free download for Kindle from 20 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

Rating: 4.20 / 5
4 reviews

Telling Our Story: Recent Essays on Zionism, the Middle East, and the Path to Peace

by Einat Wilf

Genre: History, Middle East
Size: 220 pages
Free download for Kindle from 19 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

My Darling Spies: Inside The Arab-Israeli Conflict: The Untold Stories of the Most Intriguing Spies

by Afiane MD

The Arab-israeli conflict is arguably the longest and most perpetual conflict in modern history.Furthermore, it also the most controversial among all other conflicts. Intelligence and espoinage played a decisive role in that conflict .Many books have been written on that conflict tackling it from different perspectives.However, one of the least covered topics has alwys been the Arab spies who worked for the Mossad. In this book ,you will read the real stories of female spies who were recruited by the Israeli intelligence told from an unbiased standpoint.

Genre: Biographies & Memoirs, History, Middle East, Nonfiction, True Accounts
Size: 24 pages
Free download for Kindle from 19 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

The French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon: The History and Legacy of France’s Administration of the Levant after World War I

by Charles River Editors

*Includes pictures*Includes a bibliography for further reading*Includes a table of contentsThe United Nations is one of the most famous bodies in the world, and its predecessor, the League of Nations, might be equally notorious. In fact, President Woodrow Wilson’s pet project was controversial from nearly the minute it was conceived. At the end of World War I, Wilson's pleas at the Paris Peace Conference relied on his Fourteen Points, which included the establishment of a League of Nations, but while his points were mostly popular amongst Americans and Europeans alike, leaders at the Peace Conference largely discarded them and favored different approaches. British leaders saw their singular aim as the maintenance of British colonial possessions. France, meanwhile, only wanted to ensure that Germany was weakened and unable to wage war again, and it too had colonial interests abroad that it hoped to maintain. Britain and France thus saw eye-to-eye, with both wanting a weaker Germany and both wanting to maintain their colonies. Although the League of Nations was short-lived and clearly failed in its primary mission, it did essentially spawn the United Nations at the end of World War II, and many of the UN’s structures and organizations came straight from its predecessor, with the concepts of an International Court and a General Assembly coming straight from the League. More importantly, the failures of the League ensured that the UN was given stronger authority and enforcement mechanisms, most notably through the latter’s Security Council, and while the League dissolved after a generation, the UN has survived for over 70 years. One of the League’s most lasting legacies was the manner in which it handed over administrative control of land in the Middle East to the victorious Allied Powers, namely France and Britain. The Ottoman Empire quickly collapsed after World War I, and its extensive lands were divvied up between the French and British. While the French gained control of the Levant, which would later become modern day nations like Syria and Lebanon, the British were given the Mandate for Palestine. The British Mandate for Palestine gave the British control over the lands that have since become Jordan, Israel, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip. The intention of the mandate system was to have the administrators peacefully and gradually usher in independent states, and both European powers eventually attempted to withdraw from the region, but anyone with passing knowledge of the Middle East’s history in the late 20th century knows that the region has seen little peace. As with the British Mandate of Palestine, the French found themselves attempting to placate various ethnicities that they only had a passing familiarity with, and the lines they drew for states like Syria and Lebanon were ultimately arbitrary. The French would completely evacuate the region in the wake of World War II, but the ramifications are still being felt today, as Syria is wracked by civil war and Lebanon’s government has constantly been fragile and subject to foreign interference. The French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon: The History and Legacy of France’s Administration of the Levant after World War I examines how the French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon came about, what happened over the span of those 30 years, and the lasting legacy of the French administration. Along with pictures and a bibliography, you will learn about the French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon like never before.

Genre: History, Europe, Middle East, Nonfiction
Size: 60 pages
Free download for Kindle from 18 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

Rating: 5.00 / 5
5 reviews

Israel's Impossible Era: Israeli Giants - The Human Element in U.S.-Israel Relations (Israel Biography/Photographs Book 1)

by Dr. Joyce Starr

The American-Israeli "love affair": Welcome to a time capsule of feats, memories and over 70 rare, historic photos - when the "giants" of Israel achieved the impossible time and again, frustrating and infuriating U.S. leaders, yet shaping and strengthening U.S.- Israel ties. When American Jews longed to be appreciated by "heroic" Israelis and Israeli leaders longed to be respected by U.S. counterparts. When Americans were viewed as rich and spoiled, while Israelis risked all. How long will Jewish and Christian supporters - and future generations - remember the greatest generation in Jewish history? How much has changed since Israeli giants left the stage? The author provides a first-hand account of an Israeli and Jewish era like none other.

Genre: History, Middle East, Nonfiction
Size: 255 pages
Free download for Kindle from 17 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

Rating: 4.90 / 5
5 reviews

Thou Shalt Innovate: How Israeli Ingenuity Repairs the World

by Avi` Jorisch

Genre: Business & Investing, Reference, History, Middle East, Nonfiction, Professional & Technical, Accounting & Finance, Professional Science, Science & Math, Technology
Size: 284 pages
Free download for Kindle from 17 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

Rating: 4.40 / 5
4 reviews

Sumerian Mythology: Captivating Myths of Gods, Goddesses, and Legendary Creatures of Ancient Sumer and Their Importance to the Sumerians

by Matt Clayton

Genre: History, Historical Study, Middle East, Nonfiction, Education & Reference, Schools & Teaching
Size: 94 pages
Free download for Kindle from 17 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

Rating: 4.60 / 5
5 reviews

Iranian History: A Captivating Guide to the Persian Empire and History of Iran, Starting from the Achaemenid Empire, through the Parthian, Sasanian and ... Empire to the Afsharid and Qajar Dynasty

by Captivating History

If you want to discover the captivating history of Iran, then keep reading...Free History BONUS Inside!Five captivating manuscripts in one book:Achaemenid Empire: A Captivating Guide to the First Persian Empire Founded by Cyrus the Great, and How This Empire of Ancient Persia Fought Against the Ancient Greeks in the Greco-Persian WarsParthian Empire: A Captivating Guide to the Enemy of the Roman Republic and Roman EmpireSasanian Empire: A Captivating Guide to the Neo-Persian Empire that Ruled Before the Arab Conquest of Persia and the Rise of IslamThe Safavid Empire: A Captivating Guide to the Persian Empire That Fought Against the Ottomans in the Ottoman–Safavid WarThe Afsharid and Qajar Dynasty: A Captivating Guide to Two Iranian Dynasties Who Ruled Persia from 1736 to 1925In part 1 of this book, you will:Discover how the Achaemenid Empire got its start, as well as the conditions that allowed their culture to grow and prosperLearn how Cyrus the Great came to power and the remarkable ways in which he and his successors ruled the empireGet insights into the Achaemenid style of warfare, including rituals, strategies and tactics they used to conquer their foes as well as how they protected themselves against intrudersLearn about the roles and obligations of the people, who and how they worshipped, including their beliefsAnd much, much more!In part 2 of this book, you will:Learn about the origins of the Parthian empireDiscover the rise of the Parthian empireGain startling knowledge about the Roman–Parthian WarsBe able to visualize the powerful military tactics that the Parthians used - tactics that gradually became the standard method of warfare in the Roman empire as wellAnd much, much more!Some of the topics covered in part 3 of this book include:The Rise of the Sasanian EmpireThe First Sasanian DeclineThe Golden Age and the End of the Sasanian EmpireSasanian Government and MilitaryArt and Culture of the Sasanian EmpireLife and Society of the SasaniansReligion in the Sasanian StateAnd much, much more!Some of the topics covered in part 4 of this book include:Religious Beginnings: Ismail IForeign Relations: TahmaspShort and Bloody: Ismail IICultural Consolidation: Abbas ISaru Taqi: Shah SafiInterlude: Shah Abbas IIInternal Decay: SulaymanFall: Sultan HusaynAnd much, much more!Some of the topics covered in part 5 of this book include:Geography and Ancient History of PersiaModern History of Persia and the Afsharid DynastyThe Persian Empire under the Qajar DynastyModern Persian SocietyCulture of Modern PersiaAnd much, much more!So if you want to learn more about the history of Iran, scroll up and click the "add to cart" button!

Genre: History, Historical Study, Middle East, Education & Reference, Schools & Teaching
Size: 278 pages
Free download for Kindle from 17 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

DEBACLE: The Persian Gulf War Revealed Volume 3

by Mark R. Gery

Volume 3 includes the balance of Part 3 of DEBACLE: The Persian Gulf War Revealed. The reader is first placed at Public Shelter No. 25 in suburban Baghdad, Iraq, early in the morning of February 13th, 1991, just as two US laser-guided bombs strike the undefended structure. Due to another mistake by the US Air Force, several hundred Iraqi civilians perished in a concrete caldron of fire, steam and smoke. While American military leaders attempted to blame Saddam Hussein for the tragic mishap, public outcry in the Middle East and beyond forced the Bush Administration to swing the remaining bombing campaign away from Iraq's capital at a critical juncture in the war. Volume 3 then outlines the competing political and military pressures in Washington for launching the main ground phase of the war quickly, just as figures in Congress, Israel and elsewhere were pushing for extending the bombing. Concurrently, the first ground move toward Kuwait by the US Marine Corps is described, with Iraqi forces able to thwart some of the attackers and push them back across the desert. Then came a days-long negotiation drama between Saddam Hussein and Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, with US officials relegated to the role of anxious observers. The text then presents a detailed presentation of the four-day ground advance into Iraq and Kuwait by US and other coalition forces, highlighted by Iraq's plethora of counter-measures including heavy smoke-screens, dug-in infantry placed around the battlefield, and the use of over 80,000 untrained conscripts to greatly slow the ground advance. Along the way, the immense panic and consternation among CENTCOM commanders, notably Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf, is documented, as well as the devastating SCUD attack on an American barracks in Saudi Arabia on February 25th. Video links are provided showing the wholesale withdraw of Iraqi troops from the war theatre, including the Republican Guard, and numerous examples are given of the coalitions failings in pursuing the Iraqis on the ground, as well as in the air and at sea. Then comes nearly an entire chapter of analysis on how the US-led coalition was defeated so badly in the Gulf War. Especially featured is the general strategic ineptness of top commanders at CENTCOM, as well as a searing portrait of a Bush White House almost totally unprepared to preside over a major overseas campaign. Integrated in the examination is the works of several famed military strategists, notably the 19th Century Prussian military general, Carl von Clausewitz and the ancient Chinese war sage, Sun Tzu . Part 4 of Volume 3 lays out the violent and bloody Iraqi civil war that commenced just after the war, then expands to Washington and Tel Aviv, Israel, where high-level pressure on the part of the White House succeeded in persuading the Jewish state and several Arab countries (minus Iraq) to attend the Madrid Middle East Peace Conference in late October, 1991. All the while, the Bush Administration continued their multi-faceted assault on Baghdad, including refusing to abide by the terms of the United Nations resolutions that ended the war, and funding continued CIA efforts to undermine the Iraqi regime. Distracted by the gamesmanship of the Iraqis and saddled with a moribund economy, President Bush and his advisers struggled to find their bearings during the 1992 presidential campaign, ultimately suffering a defeat. Volume 3 of DEBACLE concludes with an extended Epilogue that chronicles the slow but steady decrease in America's international standing after the failed Gulf War, and then presents an extended analysis on how the American public was so misled as to the true nature of the conflict. The final pages of DEBACLE survey a vast array of quotes by American analysts, writers, academics and political and military figures who appear to have been partially or totally taken in by the US governments false presentation of the Persian Gulf War "victory."

Genre: History, Middle East
Size: Unknown
Free download for Kindle from 17 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

Transforming Socio-Natures in Turkey: Landscapes, State and Environmental Movements (Routledge Environmental Humanities)

by Onur İnal

This book is an exploration of the environmental makings and contested historical trajectories of environmental change in Turkey. Despite the recent proliferation of studies on the political economy of environmental change and urban transformation, until now there has not been a sufficiently complete treatment of Turkey's troubled environments, which live on the edge both geographically (between Europe and Middle East) and politically (between democracy and totalitarianism).The contributors to Transforming Socio-Natures in Turkey use the toolbox of environmental humanities to explore the main political, cultural and historical factors relating to the country’s socio-environmental problems. This leads not only to a better grounding of some of the historical and contemporary debates on the environment in Turkey, but also a deeper understanding of the multiplicity of framings around more-than-human interactions in the country in a time of authoritarian populism.This book will be of interest not only to students of Turkey from a variety of social science and humanities disciplines but also contribute to the larger debates on environmental change and developmentalism in the context of a global populist turn.

Genre: History, Middle East, Science & Math, Environment, Nature & Ecology
Size: 242 pages
Free download for Kindle from 16 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

Rating: 4.80 / 5
5 reviews

Sasanian Empire: A Captivating Guide to the Neo-Persian Empire that Ruled Before the Arab Conquest of Persia and the Rise of Islam

by Captivating History

Explore the Captivating History of the Sasanian Empire Free History BONUS Inside! Too often people tend to disregard Iranian history and its ancient empires as so-called bad guys, often barbaric and bloodthirsty, lacking the culture, morals, and finesse of westerners. Yet this is far from the truth. Starting from the first Persian Empire under the Achaemenids, culture, and achievements of the ancient Iranian states were astonishing, influencing nations far outside their borders. And that influence was probably the strongest during the Sasanian Empire which is today considered the pinnacle of ancient Iranian civilization and culture. In this captivating history book, you will discover how important the Sasanian Empire was to history and how their legacy became an integral part of what we today think of as Islamic culture. In Sasanian Empire: A Captivating Guide to the Neo-Persian Empire that Ruled Before the Arab Conquest of Persia and the Rise of Islam, you will discover topics such as The Rise of the Sasanian EmpireThe First Sasanian DeclineThe Golden Age and the End of the Sasanian EmpireSasanian Government and MilitaryArt and Culture of the Sasanian EmpireLife and Society of the SasaniansReligion in the Sasanian StateAnd much, much more!So if you want to learn more about the Sasanian Empire, click "buy now"!

Genre: History, Historical Study, Middle East, Nonfiction, Education & Reference, Schools & Teaching
Size: 77 pages
Free download for Kindle from 16 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

Rating: 4.60 / 5
5 reviews

Suleiman the Magnificent: A Captivating Guide to the Longest-Reigning Sultan of the Ottoman Empire

by Captivating History

Explore the Captivating History of Suleiman the MagnificentFree History BONUS Inside!Suleiman the I probably knew of other monarchs and celebrities we might recognize: Ferdinand and Isabella II of Aragon; King Henry VIII and his infamous trail of wives; and Charles the V, the Holy Roman emperor who dressed in black for the majority of his life. Columbus had set off to sail the ocean blue just two years before Suleiman’s birth. William Shakespeare was just two years old when Suleiman died, as was Galileo Galilei. During his reign Suleiman the Magnificent guided the Ottoman Empire through its golden age of trade and expansion. His reign changed the face of the world and the lives of millions of people, and his name echoes down to us in the present day. Suleiman the Magnificent wasn’t quite like any other sultan before or after him. This book explains why. In Suleiman the Magnificent: A Captivating Guide to the Longest-Reigning Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, you will discover topics such asThe World Before Suleiman ISuccessionLover, Poet, & Patron of the ArtsFatherFriendCampaignerStatesmanAnd much, much more!So if you want to learn more about Suleiman the Magnificent, click "buy now"!

Genre: History, Historical Study, Middle East, Nonfiction, Education & Reference, Schools & Teaching
Size: 52 pages
Free download for Kindle from 16 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

Rating: 5.00 / 5
5 reviews

COMM UP: A Marine's Reflections on the Opening of the Iraq War

by AARON Albers

March 19, 2003 and America is on the eve of war. In the Kuwaiti desert, thousands of young Americans and their coalition partners stand ready to start the war against Iraq, if ordered too. Many of them would be facing combat for the first time, and each of them carry their own thoughts and worries, which would change from day to day; the initial drive into Iraq and the early problems in the war, the weather and operational pause to the fall of Baghdad. And then getting home. Now 15 years after his involvement in the invasion, Aaron Albers commemorates the anniversary by sharing his story of a time when he was one of the thousands involved in the drive to Baghdad.

Genre: History, Americas, Middle East, Military
Size: 46 pages
Free download for Kindle from 15 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

Rating: 4.60 / 5
5 reviews

Babylon: A Captivating Guide to the Kingdom in Ancient Mesopotamia, Starting from the Akkadian Empire to the Battle of Opis Against Persia, Including Babylonian Mythology and the Legacy of Babylonia

by Captivating History

Genre: History, Historical Study, Middle East, Nonfiction, Education & Reference, Schools & Teaching
Size: 14.66 mb
Free download for Kindle from 15 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

Rating: 4.20 / 5
4 reviews

The Fall of Constantinople: A Captivating Guide to the Conquest of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks that Marked the end of the Byzantine Empire

by Captivating History

Genre: History, Historical Study, Middle East, Nonfiction, Education & Reference, Schools & Teaching
Size: 54 pages
Free download for Kindle from 15 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

Rating: 4.20 / 5
4 reviews

Parthian Empire: A Captivating Guide to the Enemy of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire

by Captivating History

Explore the most enduring empire of the ancient Near EastFree History BONUS Inside!Few nations were able to not only parry but also defeat the mighty Roman Empire, rivaling it in almost all segments. One of those was the Parthian empire, cultural and traditional successor of the more famous Achaemenid Persian empire that was brought down by the Alexander the Great. Indeed, the Parthians are recognized as one of the toughest enemies the Romans ever fought, and rightfully so. Parthian soldiers put the Roman legions to the test, making them prove their worth. Yet by looking at the Parthian empire solely as the "great enemies of Rome," it is easy to overlook other important parts of Parthian history. Simply by changing our perspective, we are able to see that the Parthians were not only warriors but also artists, builders, and traders; they did much more than just challenge the might of the Roman steel.By reading Parthian Empire: A Captivating Guide to the Enemy of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire, you will...Learn about the origins of the Parthian empireDiscover the rise of the Parthian empireGain startling knowledge about the Roman–Parthian WarsBe able to visualize the powerful military tactics that the Parthians used - tactics that gradually became the standard method of warfare in the Roman empire as wellExplore the remarkable art and culture of the ParthiansGo on a discovery to get a sense of the life in the Parthian empireAnd much, much more!So if you want to learn about the Parthian Empire without having to go through boring textbooks, click "buy now"!

Genre: History, Ancient, Middle East, Nonfiction
Size: 64 pages
Free download for Kindle from 15 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

The Ten Commandments of God In Islam Bilingual Edition English & Spanish

by Muhammad Vandestra

Genre: History, Middle East, Religion & Spirituality, Christianity, Islam
Size: 599 kb
Free download for Kindle from 15 February 2020 onward PDT/PST 

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